try another color:
try another fontsize: 60% 70% 80% 90%
Easy Farming
Easy Farming


Şubat 12th, 2017


The garden strawberry (or simply strawberry; Fragaria × ananassa)[1] is a widely grown hybrid species of the genus Fragaria (collectively known as the strawberries). It is cultivated worldwide for its fruit. The fruit (which is not a botanical berry, but anaggregate accessory fruit) is widely appreciated for its characteristic aroma, bright red color, juicy texture, and sweetness. It is consumed in large quantities, either fresh or in such prepared foods as preserves, fruit juice, pies, ice creams,milkshakes, and chocolates. Artificial strawberry flavorings and aromas are also widely used in many products like lip gloss, candy, hand sanitizers, perfume, and many others.

Kiwi fruit cultivation

Kiwi fruit cultivation on sloping land in the mid-hill areas of Nepal can help prevent soil erosion and is a sustainable land management practice. This high value crop introduces biodiversity and improves livelihoods by providing a source of cash income.

Kiwi Farming

Kiwis, for many years, have become some of the best ingredients in gourmet dishes. This basically explains the huge demand of the hardy fruit all over the world. However, not all countries are blessed with them because of certian requirements.
Fortunately, Iran is one of those countries that can cultivate or grow kiwis with relative ease. In the country, over 12,000 hectares are dedicated to kiwi farming. There are also some families who have learned to grow them right at their own backyards, creating gorgeous vineyards that don’t just grow fruit but also offer ample shade for afternoon gatherings.
Kiwi Farming Requirements


Kiwifruit (often shortened to kiwi) or Chinese gooseberry is the name given to the edible berries of several species of woody vines in the genus Actinidia.[1][2] The most common cultivar group of kiwifruit ('Hayward')[3] is oval, about the size of a large hen's egg (5–8 cm (2.0–3.1 in) in length and 4.5–5.5 cm (1.8–2.2 in) in diameter). It has a fibrous, dull greenish-brown skin and bright green or golden flesh with rows of tiny, black, edible seeds. The fruit has a soft texture and a sweet but unique flavor. It is a commercial crop in several countries, such as Italy, New Zealand, Chile, Greece, and France.[4]
Early varieties were described in a 1904 nurseryman's catalogue as having "...edible fruits the size of walnuts, and the flavour of ripe gooseberries..."[5] and Europeans called it the Chinese gooseberry.[1]


Wine may represent the most expensive and creative use of grapes, but it is not the only use. Eaten fresh as table grapes, dried as raisins or processed into jams, jellies and juices, grapes are thought to have been first cultivated more than 7,000 years ago near present-day Iran.
Spanish friars are credited with bringing European varieties to the United States to serve at the missions they settled across California and the southwest beginning in the 1700s. California’s climate provided ideal grape-growing conditions, and consequently it became the leading grape-growing state.
During 2014, more than 7.8 million tons of grapes were grown commercially in the United States. California accounted for nearly 6.8 million tons, or 87 percent, of these grapes. Other top grape-growing states include Washington and New York (NASS 2015).

Coconuts: A Sustainable Agricultural Industry?

The coconut, Cocos nucifera, is the sole species of the genus Cocos, a palm tree grown around the world for its fruit and fiber. The origin of the plant is still debated: some scientists believe the tree is from India or the Asia-Pacific region, while others contend they’re from South America. Either way, the tree has been cultivated and used for food and building materials by humans for centuries. And on the Island of the Holy Spirit, near Bahia de Jiquilisco in El Salvador, the coconut is a way of life. A little more than 10 percent of the island’s 1800 residents are employed in the coconut industry; approximately 9 million coconuts are harvested from the island’s trees each year. On the island is a cooperative that transforms the coconut into edible products, industrial products, or items of ornamental value.


The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the family Arecaceae (palm family) and the only species of the genus Cocos.[2] The term coconut can refer to the entire coconut palm or the seed, or the fruit, which, botanically, is a drupe, not a nut. The spelling cocoanut is an archaic form of the word.[3] The term is derived from the 16th-century Portuguese and Spanish word coco meaning "head" or "skull", from the three indentations on the coconut shell that resemble facial features.[4]


A cherry is the fruit of many plants of the genus Prunus, and is a fleshy drupe(stone fruit).
The cherry fruits of commerce usually are obtained from a limited number of species such as cultivars of the sweet cherry, Prunus avium. The name 'cherry' also refers to the cherry tree, and is sometimes applied to almonds and visually similar flowering trees in the genus Prunus, as in "ornamental cherry", "cherry blossom", etc. Wild cherry may refer to any of the cherry species growing outside of cultivation, although Prunus avium is often referred to specifically by the name "wild cherry" in the British Isles.


The marketing season for sweet cherries in California is April 25 to June 15; for Montana it is July 20 to August 20; and for all other states it is from June to July. The marketing season for tart cherries in all states is from June 25 to August 15 (NASS, 2015).
Cherries are consumed in a variety of ways, including fresh, frozen and canned, or as juice, wine, brined or dried. From 2012-2014, an average of 76 percent of sweet cherries produced were destined for the fresh market, with the remaining 24 percent used for processing.
With regard to tart cherries, 99 percent of production is used for processing (NASS, 2015).

Highbush Blueberry Production

Blueberries are well suited for small-scale and part-time farm operations. However, blueberry production is not for everyone due to the specialized cultivation requirements of the plants and the relatively short shelf life of the fruit.
The initial investment is high, primarily because of the cost of preparing the land, establishing plants, and installing an irrigation system. However, equipment needs for small plantings are minimal once the plants are established and healthy, well-tended plants can be expected to bear fruit for fifty years or more. Demand for blueberries has been strong in recent years, and fresh-market prices have been relatively high because per capita consumption of blueberries in the United States has been increasing.

Blueberry Production in Manitoba

The blueberry or lowbush blueberry is a slow-growing, long-lived woody perennial. The main species in the northern part of the province is Vaccinium angustifolium and the main species in southern Manitoba is Vaccinium myrtilloides. The blueberry is a member of the Heather family. It is closely related to azaleas, rhododendrons, and cranberries. Blueberries are native to Canada and range from the far north to the south. Manitoba wild blueberries have been found to contain 310% of the recommended daily intake of vitamin C per 100g of fruit.
The blueberry was an important food source for both indigenous peoples and the early pioneers. Blueberries are an also important food source for wildlife during the summer. Blueberries can be eaten fresh, or used in pie fillings, jams, jellies, syrups, juice, wine, and flavour concentrates as well as components of baked goods.
Economics and Marketing


Blueberries are perennial flowering plants with indigo-colored berries from thesection Cyanococcus within the genus Vaccinium (a genus that also includescranberries, bilberries and grouseberries). Species in the section Cyanococcus are the most common[1] fruits sold as "blueberries" and are native to North America(commercially cultivated highbush blueberries were not introduced into Europe until the 1930s).[2]
Blueberries are usually erect, prostrate shrubs that can vary in size from 10 centimeters (3.9 in) to 4 meters (13 ft) in height. In the commercial production of blueberries, the smaller species are known as "lowbush blueberries" (synonymous with "wild"), while the larger species are known as "highbush blueberries".


Whether cultivated, wild, fresh or frozen, blueberries are full of essential nutrients and fiber, and are high in antioxidants (ARS, 2014). One way to add value to either fresh or processed blueberry products is to state these health benefits on the packaging (as long as the statements are scientifically based and align with regulatory guidelines) (University of Kentucky – Extension, 2011).
In 2014, average market prices for cultivated fresh blueberries were $1.93 per pound and processed blueberry prices were $0.78 per pound. The average market price for fresh and processed wild blueberries was $0.60 per pound (NASS, 2015).


Blackberries are generally referred to as caneberries, which includes all berries that grow on a cane, including raspberries, marionberries and boysenberries; they are also often described as “bramble” plants.

Blackberries are native to several continents, including Asia, Europe, and North and South America. Learing of land for agriculture in North America allowed native blackberries to disperse and hybridize. Cultivation then followed between the years 1850-1860 (NRAES, 2008).
In 2014, U.S. blackberry production was valued at $50.1 million, up from the past two years. $4.91 million came from fresh market sales, and $45.2 million came from processed sales (NASS, 2015).
Marketing Channels
In 2014 the processed rate for blackberries was $1.08/pound, where the price for fresh blackberries was $1.55/pound (NASS, 2015).

Rasberries and blackberries: Establishment and management

Raspberries require well drained, deep soil. They do not tolerate heavy clay soils, or shallow soils, or prolonged water stress. They can tolerate heat in summer, but hot wind will devastate new growth and economic viability. The floricane fruiting (spring and summer) raspberries require adequate winter chill to fully and evenly break dormancy in spring. They are therefore unsuited to coastal areas of temperate Australia, or any subtropical regions. The primocane fruiting raspberries have a lower chill requirement and will crop in warm temperate regions. The cultivated blackberries will grow on a wide range of soils provided that drainage is adequate. Their winter chill requirements are lower than floricane fruiting raspberries. The late season thornless cultivars have a high water requirement for adequate growth and will not perform well on soils which dry out in late summer.
Site selection