Easy Farming

Easy Farming

Easy Farming

Orange County

Texas AgriLife Extension Service has a goal of providing Orange County with quality and relevant educational programs to meet the identified needs of the residents. Here you will find timely, helpful information that is scientifically based and unbiased for your use. Texas AgriLife Extension Service is involved in county partnerships to provide educational programs for Economic Development, Housing and Services for the Elderly, Education on Healthy Lifestyles and setting up local farmer’s markets. During the 2003-2004 Texas Community Futures Forum these issues were identified by residents of Orange County.
Orange County is located on Interstate 10 at the Texas-Louisiana border. It is bounded on the east by the Sabine River and on the west by the Neches River. The county encompasses 356 square miles and has a population of 84,966 as reported in the 2000 population estimate.

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Pumpkins: Background & Statistics

Errata: On October 25, the first paragraph of this page was amended to clarify that 753.8 million pounds of pumpkin production represents the total of the six leading States—not the entire United States.

Pumpkin production is widely dispersed throughout the United States, with crop conditions varying greatly by region. All U.S. States produce some pumpkins, but about one-half of the total is grown in six States. In 2015, U.S. farmers in those six States produced 753.8 million pounds of pumpkins. Production dropped over 40 percent from 2014 largely due to a drop in acreage planted and harvested in Illinois. Despite this decline, Illinois remained the leading producer of pumpkins by acreage, with almost 80 percent of acres typically devoted to production for pie filling or other processing uses. Nationally, decreased pumpkin production drove down totals for per capita utilization which declined to 3.1 lbs. per person in 2015.

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The carrot (Daucus carota subsp. sativus) is a root vegetable, usually orange in colour, though purple, black, red, white, and yellow varieties exist. Carrots are a domesticated form of the wild carrot, Daucus carota, native to Europe and southwestern Asia. The plant probably originated in Persia and originally cultivated for its leaves and seeds. The most commonly eaten part of the plant is the taproot, although the greens are sometimes eaten as well. The domestic carrot has beenselectively bred for its greatly enlarged, more palatable, less woody-textured taproot.

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The majority of the commercial raspberry crop is marketed via Pick-Your-Own (PYO) with slightly less than a third of the producing area being processed into juices and jams. The PYO market may be somewhat limited, particularly in more rural areas as raspberries are relatively easy to produce in the home garden. Nonetheless

The raspberry (Rubus spp.) is a herbaceous to woody perennial around 1m in height which belongs to the Rose family. Raspberries are closely related to the strawberry. There are two types of raspberries, ones that produce fruit on one year old canes (primocanes - fall bearing) and ones that produce fruit on second year canes (floricanes - summer bearing). The raspberry is an aggregate fruit consisting of a large number of drupelets on a receptacle. When the berry is picked the receptacle is left on the plant. Raspberries are native to North America and can be found across the Prairies.


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The pineapple (Ananas comosus) is a tropical plant with edible multiple fruitconsisting of coalesced berries, also called pineapples,[2][3] and the most economically significant plant in the Bromeliaceae family.[4]
Pineapples may be cultivated from a crown cutting of the fruit,[2][5] possibly flowering in 5-10 months and fruiting in the following six months.[5][6] Pineapples do not ripen significantly after harvest.[7]
Pineapples can be consumed fresh, cooked, juiced, or preserved. They are found in a wide array of cuisines. In addition to consumption, the pineapple leaves are used to produce the textile fiber piña in the Philippines, commonly used as the material for the men's barong Tagalog and women's baro't saya formal wear in the country. The fiber is also used as a component for wallpaper and other furnishings.[8]

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The Development of Agriculture

The history of agriculture is the story of humankind's development and cultivation of processes for producing food, feed, fiber, fuel, and other goods by the systematic raising of plants and animals. Prior to the development of plant cultivation, human beings were hunters and gatherers. The knowledge and skill of learning to care for the soil and growth of plants advanced the development of human society, allowing clans and tribes to stay in one location generation after generation. Archaeological evidence indicates that such developments occurred 10,000 or more years ago.

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Pepper is the most widely used spice in the world and known as “King of the Spices”. Pepper crop is native to South Asia and historical records reveal that pepper is originated in South India. Peppercorns were a much prized trade good often referred also as “black gold” and used by as a form of commodity money. Until well after the Middle age, virtually all of the black pepper found in Europe, the Middle East and the North Africa traveled there from India’s Malabar region. It was some part of the preciousness of these spices that led to the European efforts to find a sea route to India and consequently to the European Colonial occupation of the country as well as European discovery and colonization of America/s. Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, India and Brazil are the main pepper producers in the world.

Products and Uses

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Planting Guide for Growing Broccoli Sprouts

You’ll have to look for a location with good air circulation and soil drainage as well plenty of direct sunlight when growing broccoli.
Broccoli will grow much better in rich soil with added compost, humus, or aged manure worked into the soil.
Also, it is important that no other cabbage family plants like Brussels sprouts have been planted in the same spot for 3-4 years prior to planting broccoli.

Planting Broccoli Seeds
If you plan to apply the direct-sowing method to growing broccoli, which will work for fall plantings, you must plant the seeds directly into the soil about 90 days prior to the first frost at depths of ¼-½ inches.
Transplanting Broccoli Seedlings
If you use the transplanting method, you will want to plant the seeds in indoor trays about 5-6 weeks prior to the last frost.
You can then transplant the young plants in the early spring with 18-24 inches clearance between plants.

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The marketing season for sweet cherries in California is April 25 to June 15; for Montana it is July 20 to August 20; and for all other states it is from June to July. The marketing season for tart cherries in all states is from June 25 to August 15 (NASS, 2015).
Cherries are consumed in a variety of ways, including fresh, frozen and canned, or as juice, wine, brined or dried. From 2012-2014, an average of 76 percent of sweet cherries produced were destined for the fresh market, with the remaining 24 percent used for processing.
With regard to tart cherries, 99 percent of production is used for processing (NASS, 2015).

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Bigger Harvests on Small Fields

Tomatoes in India
India grows its tomatoes in a very different way to other regions. Although India is the world’s second largest producer of the fruit, its tomatoes aren’t cultivated on large swathes of agricultural land, but by millions of smallholdings across the country. Due to a lack of access to the necessary expertise, cultivation methods were suboptimal for a long time, meaning that the fields only produced moderate harvests. Bayer addressed the problem by running large-scale training projects that introduced tens of thousands of smallholders to improved cultivation technologies. Yields have since multiplied.

India is also becoming more aware of the importance of healthy, high-quality foods. It is therefore crucial that farmers use crop protection products properly. Thanks to the training projects and cultivation expertise, things have greatly improved in this area, too. That means supermarkets and consumers are benefiting from increasingly high-quality tomatoes.

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How to Start Cucumber Farming in Nigeria

You might be wondering why you should start cucumber farming in Nigeria. It’s quite simple. The value and importance of agriculture in Nigeria has grown year on year, and currently it is the most profitable and high profile sector in the country.
While there is still a vast sea of opportunities in Nigerian agribusiness, the full potentials have not been fully tapped and optimised, which is also why there is an abundance of opportunities begging to be explored by entrepreneurs just like you.

Cucumber farming in Nigeria is one of those opportunities that are begging to be explored. So, if you too have already realised the potential and importance of cucumber farming, then you are obviously already on the right track.
So yes, cucumber farming is a lucrative business in Nigeria!
Although previous experience is desirable, cucumber farming in Nigeria is not as complex as other areas of agriculture, so you can start small with relatively little or no experience.

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Multiple Origins of Agriculture

Some of the earliest archeological evidence for agriculture comes from the Yellow River region of China, where the people raised rice and millet some fifteen thousand years ago. By thirteen thousand years ago, when warmer and wetter weather followed the end of the Pleistocene ice age, people in the Fertile Crescent, an area that today includes Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Syria, Israel, and Lebanon, cultivated wild grasses, which were the ancestors of barley and emmer and einkorn wheat, as well as lentils and chickpeas. The fields of grasses supported grazing animal populations.

Striking evidence of early agriculture is a ten thousand-year-old farming village in Jericho in the Jordan Valley built over the remains of a hunter-gatherer settlement. The farm was larger and supported more people, and included permanent homes and evidence of irrigation, including walls to hold back floods and ditches. Barley flourished in nearby fields.

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Tons of paper produced

A useful but wasteful product…
With the improvement in technology and the advent of the printing press and the mechanical harvesting of wood, disposable paper became more affordable for the average consumer. This resulted in a drastic increase in consumption and of course, waste – which all contributed to Paper Pollution. It is estimated that 40% of the waste in the U.S. is paper.
The environmental impact of paper production is important to note since it has many negative effects. Here are some of them:
• 40% of the world’s commercially cut timber is used for the production of paper.
• Pulpwood plantations and mills endanger natural habitats.
• Over 30 million acres of forest are destroyed annually.
• The pulp and paper industry is a big contributor to the problem of deforestation and is partly to blame for the endangerment of some species that live in the forests.

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Tomato products

Tomatoes withstand heating and cooking processes very well. As a result a wide range of popular and convenient store-cupboard tomato products are available and you can get a distinctive tomato flavour in seconds, by simply opening a jar, can or bottle.

Canned tomatoes
Tomatoes are one of the few fruits that can be canned really successfully and they are the most popular tomato store-cupboard product available.
Plum tomatoes are normally selected for canning. A wide variety of canned tomatoes are available, these range from basic Italian tomatoes in natural juice to sweet and delicious Italian cherry tomatoes in natural juice.
Chopped tomatoes which can be added straight to recipes for quick and easy cooking are also available, either plain or for even more convenience, with extra ingredients such as olive oil and garlic, basil or green and black sliced olives.

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Nigeria: Apply for the Master Class in Cucumber Farming Setup and Management

Enormous business opportunities abound in the horticulture area of the Agriculture value chain in Nigeria, enough to generate income and employment for several youths. However, most of these opportunities are not fully tapped. Hence, the widespread of youth unemployment and underemployment.

Against this background, Agritechnovate Solutions Entreprises – a duly registered Agricultural company with the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC) of Nigeria with registration number: BN 2315112 and champion for Agribusiness among Youths designed the first ever human-centered Agribusiness Master Class on Cucumber Farming for Youths and everyone interested in Agriculture(whether they have ever been to a farm or not) to create on-farm and off-farm employment opportunities presenting a viable and formidable option to reduce unemployment in Nigeria.

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