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Easy Farming
Easy Farming

World Tomato Production

119 million tons of tomatoes were produced during 2002, with the crop being grown across 9.9 million acres in over 160 different countries. Total world production has increased by over 35% over the last ten years. The biggest producer is China with 27.6 million tons, followed by US with 13.4 million tons.
The other major growers, with figures above 5.5 million tons, are Turkey, India, Italy and Egypt. The current average world yield stands at 12 t/ac, but highest yields are from European glasshouses where yields can exceed 312.3 t/ac in a season. A high yielding field grown crop of fresh tomatoes with furrow irrigation typically produces between 22.3 - 31.2 t/ac.

Tomatoes

The United States is one of the world's leading producers of tomatoes, second only to China. Fresh and processed tomatoes account for more than $2 billion in annual farm cash receipts.

The U.S. fresh- and processing-tomato industries target different markets, which is not true in many other tomato-producing countries. Characteristics of the two industries in the United States are the following:
• Tomato varieties are bred specifically to serve the requirements of either the fresh or the processing markets. Processing requires varieties that contain a higher percentage of soluble solids (averaging 5 percent to 9 percent) to make tomato paste efficiently, for example.
• Most tomatoes grown for processing are produced under contract between growers and processing firms. Fresh tomatoes are produced and sold largely on the open market.

Tomato

The tomato (see pronunciation) is the edible, red fruit of Solanum lycopersicum,[1][2] commonly known as a tomato plant, which belongs to the nightshade family, Solanaceae.[3]
The species originated in Central and South America. The Nahuatl (Aztec language) word tomatl gave rise to the Spanish word "tomate", from which the English word tomato originates.

Numerous varieties of tomato are widely grown in temperate climates across the world, with greenhousesallowing its production throughout the year and in cooler areas. The plants typically grow to 1–3 meters (3–10 ft) in height and have a weak stem that often sprawls over the ground and vines over other plants. It is a perennial in its native habitat, and grown as an annual in temperate climates. An average common tomato weighs approximately 100 grams (4 oz).[4][5]

World Tomato Production

108 million tonnes of tomatoes were produced during 2002, with the crop being grown across 9.9 million acres in over 160 different countries. Total world production has increased by over 35% over the last ten years. The biggest producer is China with 25 million tonnes, followed by US with 12.2 million tonnes. The other major growers, with figures above 5 million tonnes, are Turkey, India, Italy and Egypt.
The current average world yield stands at 27t/ha, but highest yields are from European glasshouses where yields can exceed 700t/ha in a season. A high yielding field grown crop of fresh tomatoes with furrow irrigation typically produces between 50-70t/ha.

Tomato products

Tomatoes withstand heating and cooking processes very well. As a result a wide range of popular and convenient store-cupboard tomato products are available and you can get a distinctive tomato flavour in seconds, by simply opening a jar, can or bottle.

Canned tomatoes
Tomatoes are one of the few fruits that can be canned really successfully and they are the most popular tomato store-cupboard product available.
Plum tomatoes are normally selected for canning. A wide variety of canned tomatoes are available, these range from basic Italian tomatoes in natural juice to sweet and delicious Italian cherry tomatoes in natural juice.
Chopped tomatoes which can be added straight to recipes for quick and easy cooking are also available, either plain or for even more convenience, with extra ingredients such as olive oil and garlic, basil or green and black sliced olives.

Tomato preparation

Our optimal solutions unleash your innovation and enable you to produce a wide range of tomato products from passata, purées, paste, salsa and pizza sauces to soups and ketchup.

Processing applications for tomato
Tomato production is a growing category worldwide, with consumers demanding a wider range of innovative, value-added products, while demands on your production to handle wide quality variations in raw tomato pastes are also increasing. This places high demands on your production, and especially on your mixing technology. Based on our specialised food production and technology expertise, our solutions for tomato preparation production help you standardise raw tomato paste, which enables cost-effective, flexible procurement and ensures high production efficiency and consistent quality worldwide.

Basic principles of fermantation

Numerous fermented foods are consumed around the world. Each nation has its own types of fermented food, representing the staple diet and the raw ingredients available in that particular place. Although the products are well know to the individual, they may not be associated with fermentation. Indeed, it is likely that the methods of producing many of the worlds fermented foods are unknown and came about by chance. Some of the more obvious fermented fruit and vegetable products are the alcoholic beverages - beers and wines. However, several more fermented fruit and vegetable products arise from lactic acid fermentation and are extremely important in meeting the nutritional requirements of a large proportion of the worlds population. Table 2.1 contains examples of fermented fruit and vegetable products from around the world.

2.2 Organisms responsible for food fermentations
The most common groups of micro-organisms involved in food fermentations are:
• Bacteria
• Yeasts
• Moulds

Vegetable

In everyday usage, a vegetable is any part of a plant that is consumed by humans as food as part of a savory meal. The term vegetableis somewhat arbitrary, and largely defined through culinary and cultural tradition. It normally excludes other food derived from plants such as fruits, nuts, and cereal grains, but includes seeds such as pulses. The original meaning of the word vegetable, still used in biology, was to describe all types of plant, as in the terms "vegetable kingdom" and "vegetable matter".

Cereals

India is the world's second largest producer of Rice, Wheat and other cereals. The huge demand for cereals in the global market is creating an excellent environment for the export of Indian cereal products. In 2008, India had imposed ban on export of rice and wheat etc to meet domestic needs. Now, seeing the huge demand in the global market and country's surplus production, Country has lifted the ban, but only limited amount of export of the commodity are allowed. The allowed marginal quantity of exports cereals could not make any significant impact either on domestic prices or the storage conditions.

The important cereals are - wheat, paddy, sorghum, millet (Bajra), barley and maize etc. According to the final estimate for the year 2014-15 by ministry of agriculture of India, the production of major cereals like rice, maize and bajra stood at 105.48 million tonnes, 24.17 million tonnes and 9.18 million tonnes respectively,

National programme for organic production

Organic products are grown under a system of agriculture without the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides with an environmentally and socially responsible approach. This is a method of farming that works at grass root level preserving the reproductive and regenerative capacity of the soil, good plant nutrition, and sound soil management, produces nutritious food rich in vitality which has resistance to diseases.

India is bestowed with lot of potential to produce all varieties of organic products due to its various agro climatic regions. In several parts of the country, the inherited tradition of organic farming is an added advantage. This holds promise for the organic producers to tap the market which is growing steadily in the domestic market related to the export market.

Processed foods

Food processing sector is one of the largest sectors in India in terms of production, growth, consumption, and export. India's food processing sector covers fruit and vegetables; spices; meat and poultry; milk and milk products, alcoholic beverages, fisheries, plantation, grain processing and other consumer product groups like confectionery, chocolates cocoa product soya-based products, mineral water and high protein foods. Since liberalization in Aug'91 proposals for project proposed in various segments of the food and agro-processing industry. Besides this, Govt. has also approved proposals for joint ventures; foreign collaboration, industrial licenses and 100% export oriented units envisaging an investment. Out of this, foreign investment is over Rs.10,000 crores.

Floriculture and seeds

India is bestowed with several agro-climatic zones conducive for production of sensitive and delicate floriculture products. During the decade after liberalization floriculture industries took giant steps in the export arena. This era has seen a dynamic shift from sustenance production to commercial production. As per National Horticulture Database published by National Horticulture Board, during 2014-15 the area under floriculture production in India was 248.51 thousands hectares with a production of 1,685 thousand tonnes loose flowers and 472 thousand tonnes cut flowers. Floriculture is now commercially cultivated in several states with Tamil Nadu (17%), Karnataka (14%) West Bengal (10%), having gone ahead of other producing states like Madhya Pradesh, Mizoram, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Jharkhand, Haryana, Assam and Chhattisgarh.

Fresh fruits and vegetables

Export Shelled Walnut and Raw Banana to Republic of South Korea

India's diverse climate ensures availability of all varieties of fresh fruits & vegetables. It ranks second in fruits and vegetables production in the world, after China. As per National Horticulture Database published by National Horticulture Board, during 2014-15 India produced 86.602 million metric tonnes of fruits and 169.478 million metric tonnes of vegetables. The area under cultivation of fruits stood at 6.110 million hectares while vegetables were cultivated at 9.542 million hectares.

India is the largest producer of Ginger and Okra amongst vegetables and ranks second in production of potatoes, onions, cauliflowers, brinjal, Cabbages, etc. Amongst fruits, the country ranks first in production of Bananas (22.94%), Papayas (44.03%) and Mangoes (including mangosteens,and guavas) (37.57%).

Top Agricultural Producing Countries

Food drives the world; apart from clean water, access to adequate food is the primary concern for most people on earth. This makes agriculture one of the largest and most significant industries in the world; agricultural productivity is important not only for a country's balance of trade, but the security and health of its population as well.

With that in mind, which countries produce the most agricultural products, which countries export the most, and what are countries around the world doing to increase their production levels?

Top Producers
There are numerous ways of assessing agricultural output, including sheer tonnage and the dollar volume of the commodities produced. It's important to look at both, as it is often the case that commodities critical to the food supply of less-developed countries don't show up as high dollar-value crops.

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