The traditional understanding of the history of agriculture begins in the ancient Near East and Southwest Asia, about 10,000 years ago, but it has its roots in the climatic changes at the tail end of the Upper Paleolithic, called the Epipaleolithic, about 10,000 years earlier.
It has to be said that recent archaeological and climate studies suggest that the process may have been slower and begun earlier than 10,000 years ago; and may well have been much more widespread than in the near east/southwest Asia. But there is no doubt that a significant amount of domestication invention occurred in the Fertile Crescent during the Neolithic period.
History of Agriculture Timeline
• Last Glacial Maximum ca 18,000 BC
• Early Epipaleolithic 18,000-12,000 BC
• Late Epipaleolithic 12,000-9,600 BC
• Younger Dryas 10,800-9,600 BC
• Early Aceramic Neolithic 9,600-8,000 BC
• Late Aceramic Neolithic 8,000-6,900 BC